Medicine

United Nations warns Myanmar situation 'textbook example of ethnic cleansing'

United Nations warns Myanmar situation 'textbook example of ethnic cleansing'

Tensions between Buddhists and Muslims have simmered in Myanmar since 2012 when sectarian violence erupted in Rakhine, leaving hundreds dead and pushing more than 100,000 Rohingya into decrepit camps.

On Friday, the United Nations in Bangladesh found tens of thousands of refugees who had not been counted before, raising the count to 270,000 from some 164,000 the day before.

"The two refugees camps we are in are beyond overcrowded", said U.N. Refugee agency spokeswoman Vivian Tan.

Washington, Murphy said, has forged a strong partnership with the government during the still troubled transition to democracy.

"This is creating a huge challenge for Bangladesh in terms of providing shelter as well as other humanitarian assistance to them", Foreign Secretary Shahidul Haque quoted the minister as saying to reporters after the briefing.

Dhaka, which initially tried to block the Rohingya from entering, said Monday it would start registering all new arrivals. Hasina is scheduled to visit Rohingya refugees tomorrow.

Many tell similar stories - of Myanmar soldiers firing indiscriminately on their villages, burning their homes and warning them to leave or to die.

Even though parts of the Rohingya population do sympathize with the militants, the ICG said, targeting the whole population would only serve to legitimize the violence committed by militants while jeopardizing political stability in the region.

On Monday the United Nations human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein accused Myanmar of waging a "systematic attack" on the Rohingya and warned that "ethnic cleansing" seemed to be under way. "To bring them under trial, the government of Bangladesh will have to file a case at worldwide court", Riazul Hauqe, chief of Bangladeshi National Human Rights Commission, told Anadolu Agency.

"The killing, arson, torture and rape".

In contrast, previous administrations took on a more engaged role with Myanmar, beginning with a ban on the export of financial services and freezing assets of certain institutions following a military coup in 1988.

He also called on China and India to play a larger role in mitigating the crisis.

In the last two weeks, thousands of homes have been burned down, dozens of villages uprooted and thousands of people are still on the move towards the border with Bangladesh.

Myanmar's "brutal security operation" against Muslim Rohingyas in the Rakhine state is "clearly disproportionate" to insurgent attacks carried out last month, according to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

In response, the military unleashed what it called "clearance operations" to root out the insurgents.

Shahidul Haque also said Minister Mahmood Ali told the diplomats that Myanmar should urgently end the killing of Rohingya and the repression on them to stop their entry into Bangladesh.

The predominantly Buddhist country's treatment of the Rohingya has always been a point of contention and attacks on the Muslim minority have been reported for months prior to the recent intensification.

He mentioned that the 1992 agreement recognised Rohingya as "members of Myanmar society". Myanmar has denied the Rohingya citizenship, claiming they are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, and severely restricted their access to jobs, healthcare and other basic services. "I think it is a crime against humanity". The country's new civilian government, led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, is desperate to avoid a repeat of anti-Muslim riots that swept through central Myanmar in 2013, leaving scores dead.

REUTERS/Danish SiddiquiRohingya children make their way through water as they try to come to the Bangladesh side from No Mans Land after a gunshot being heard on the Myanmar side, in Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh.